Cross-sectional study to investigate ethnic differences in cardiovascular risk and mental health
One advantage of UK Biobank is the recruitment of participants from ethnic minority groups in sufficient numbers to enable meaningful comparisons of different ethnic groups. Ethnic groups are known to differ in their risk of a number of conditions including cardiovascular disease and mental health. For example Pakistani people have a high risk of heart disease and Chinese people a high risk of high blood pressure and stroke. Understanding these differences and the reasons for them is of assistance in ensuring the appropriateness and effectiveness of screening, investigation and treatment interventions.
The aim of this study is to compare the different ethnic minority groups in terms of the amount and type of disease, the distribution by age, sex and socioeconomic deprivation and the lifestyle and environmental factors that are associated with the presence of disease.
In this study we only [accessed] questionnaire and measurement data and [compared] ethnic sub-groups in terms of these data. At a later date, once available, we will be able to compare these sub-groups in terms of their biochemistry assays and follow-up events. Therefore, this initial study will focus on comparisons of risk and only later will we be able to make comparisons of actual disease occurrence.
Ul-Haq Z, Mackay DF, Martin D, et al. Heaviness, health and happiness: a cross-sectional study of 163066 UK Biobank participants. J Epidemiol Community Health 2014;68:340-348.
Ul-Haq et al.: Gender differences in the association between adiposity and probable major depression: a cross-sectional study of 140,564 UK Biobank participants. BMC Psychiatry 2014 14:153.
B. Cullen, B.I. Nicholl, D.F. Mackay, D. Martin, Z. Ul-Haq, A. McIntosh, J. Gallacher, I.J. Deary, J.P. Pell, J.J. Evans, D.J. Smith, Cognitive function and lifetime features of depression and bipolar disorder in a large population sample: Cross-sectional study of 143,828 UK Biobank participants, European Psychiatry, Volume 30, Issue 8, November 2015, Pages 950-958, ISSN 0924-9338, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2015.08.006.(http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0924933815001522)
Lyall DM, Inskip HM, Mackay D, Deary IJ, McIntosh AM, Hotopf M, Kendrick T, Pell JP, Smith DJ (2016) Low birth weight and features of neuroticism and mood disorder in 83?545 participants of the UK Biobank cohort, British Journal of Psychiatry Open Jan 2016, 2 (1) 38-44; DOI: 10.1192/bjpo.bp.115.002154
Smith DJ, Nicholl BI, Cullen B, Martin D, Ul-Haq Z, et al. (2013) Prevalence and Characteristics of Probable Major Depression and Bipolar Disorder within UK Biobank: Cross-Sectional Study of 172,751 Participants. PLoS ONE 8(11): e75362. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0075362
Lyall DM, Celis-Morales CA, Anderson J, Gill JMR, Mackay DF, McIntosh AM, Smith DJ, Deary IJ, Sattar N, Pell JP (2017) Associations between single and multiple cardiometabolic diseases and cognitive abilities in 474 129 UK Biobank participants. Eur Heart J 2017; 38 (8): 577-583. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehw528
J.J. Anderson, C.A. Celis-Morales, D.F. Mackay, S. Iliodromiti, D.M. Lyall, N. Sattar, J.M.R. Gill, J.P. Pell (2016) Adiposity among 132?479 UK Biobank participants; contribution of sugar intake vs other macronutrients. Int J Epidemiol 2016 dyw173. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyw173
Lyall DM, Cullen B, Allerhand M, Smith DJ, Mackay D, Evans J, et al. (2016) Cognitive Test Scores in UK Biobank: Data Reduction in 480,416 Participants and Longitudinal Stability in 20,346 Participants. PLoS ONE 1(4):e0154222. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0154222
|Lead investigator:||Jill Pell|
|Lead institution:||University of Glasgow|