Category 115
Residential noise pollution - Local environment - Additional exposures

Description

This category contains data on local environmental exposures, conducted by the Small Area Health Statistics Unit (http://www.sahsu.org/) as part of the BioSHaRE-EU Environmental Determinants of Health Project (http://www.bioshare.eu/). The aim of the BioSHaRE-EU Environmental Determinants of Health Project is to harmonize environmental exposures from multiple biobanks in different countries. UK Biobank is a participating Biobank in this project

Noise estimates for the year 2009 were modelled using a version of the CNOSSOS-EU noise model. These Common NOise aSSessment methOdS (CNOSSOS) are recommended by the European Noise Directive 2002/49/EC.

Noise pollution estimates for the year 2010 were modelled for each address using a Land Use Regression (LUR) model developed as part of the European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE) (http://www.escapeproject.eu/), funded under the EU 7th Framework Programme (for references see below). The LUR model is based on ESCAPE monitoring done between 26 January 2010 - 18 January 2011, and air pollution estimates are representative for the year 2010. Traffic variables were calculated during the course of LUR based on Eurostreets (vs 3.1) digital road network for the year 2008.