The etiology of rotator cuff tearing is likely multifactorial, including a potential genetic predisposition. The purpose of the study was to identify genetic variants associated with rotator cuff tearing utilizing the UK Biobank (UKB) cohort, confirm variants using a separate genetic database, and evaluate tissue expression of genes with associated variants following rotator cuff tearing using RNA sequencing.
Genome-wide association study (GWAS): A GWAS was performed using data from UKB with 5701 cases of rotator cuff injury. RNA sequencing analyses: rotator cuff biopsies were obtained from 24 patients with full-thickness rotator cuff tears who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair (cases) and 9 patients who underwent open reduction internal fixation for a proximal humerus fracture (controls). Total RNA was extracted and differential gene expression was measured by RNAseq for genes with variants associated with rotator cuff tearing.
The results of the UKB GWAS identified 3 loci that reached genome-wide statistical significance: 2 loci on chromosome 7 in GLCCI1 (rs4725069; P = 5.0e-09) and THSD7A (rs575224171; P = 5.3e-09), and 1 locus on chromosome 2 in ZNF804A (rs775583810; P = 3.9e-09). The association with rotator cuff injury of the GLCCI1 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP; rs4725069) was confirmed in the Kaiser Permanente Research Bank cohort (P = .008). Twenty previously reported SNPs in 12 genes were evaluated using summary statistics from the UKB GWAS, which confirmed 3 SNPs in TNC with rotator cuff injury (rs1138545, rs72758637, and rs7021589; all P < .0024). Of 17 genes with variants associated with rotator cuff injury (14 previously from literature plus 3 new genes from current UKB GWAS), TIMP2, Col5A1, TGFBR1, and TNC were upregulated (P < .001 for all) and THSD7A was downregulated (P = .005) in tears vs. controls in the RNA sequencing data set.
The UKB GWAS has identified 3 novel loci associated with rotator cuff tearing (ZNF804A, GLCCI1, THSD7A). Expression of the THSD7A gene was significantly downregulated in rotator cuff tears vs. controls supporting a potential functional role. Three previously reported SNPs in the TNC gene were validated in the UKB GWAS, supporting a role for this gene in rotator cuff tearing. Finally, TIMP2, Col5A1, TGFBR1, and TNC genes were found to have significantly upregulated tissue expression in cases vs. controls supporting a biologic role in tearing for these genes.
|17847||GWAS for risk for sports injuries|
|Return ID||App ID||Description||Archive Date|
|3374||17847||Genetic variants associated with rotator cuff tearing utilizing multiple population-based genetic resources||22 Apr 2021|