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We utilized the unprecedentedly large genotype and phenotype dataset in the UK Biobank to perform a genome-wide association study (GWAS) which accounts for the interplay between genotype and dietary intake. We examined the interaction effects of fish oil supplementation on levels of blood lipids (LDL-C, HDL-C, TAGs, and total cholesterol). Our findings were replicated in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. We found that at the genetic variant rs112803755 (A>G), the minor allele (G) is associated with a decrease in TAGs among individuals with fish oil supplementation, but is associated with an increase in TAGs among those without supplementation. In other words, only individuals carrying the minor allele benefit from fish oil supplementation in reducing TAG levels. We further analyzed rs112803755 with functional genomics data from the Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx) project to identify potential target genes, and found a connexin coding gene which has been previously reported to respond to cellular omega-3 levels. This research suggests that inter-personal variation in TAG response to fish oil supplementation is in part explained by genotype, and that fish oil dose adjustment based on genotype should be investigated as a means to protect against cardiovascular disease risk.